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Updated bimonthly: Jul/Aug 2014 issue

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INSIDE … here are more articles featured in the Jul/Aug 2014 Pathfinder, cont.
space "Sun Gas" Breakthrough, pg 8

Electromagnetic Anomalies pg 9

Chinese Herb Plus Iron Effective Against Cancer Cells pg 5

Tribute: John Peter ("Jack") Waluska, pg 5

Energy breakthrough: Sun + Water = Energy to Use
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“Sun Gas” Breakthrough space
© 2012, HyperSolar, Inc, hypersolar.com

Material obtained from above site. Excerpt reprinted as "fair use." Edited for brevity, clarity and/or flow. Editor's comments, etc. in square brackets.    top


Breakthrough Nanotechnology for Making Renewable Hydrogen from Sunlight
Hydrogen (H2) is the most abundant element and cleanest fuel in the universe. Unlike hydrocarbon fuels, such as oil, coal and natural gas, where carbon dioxide and other contaminants are released into the atmosphere when used, hydrogen fuel usage produces only pure water (H2O) as the byproduct. Unfortunately, pure hydrogen does not exist naturally on Earth and therefore must be manufactured. Historically, the cost of manufacturing renewable hydrogen as an alternative fuel has been higher than the cost of the energy used to make it. This is the dilemma of the Hydrogen Economy, and one that HyperSolar aims to address.

The Perfect and Sustainable Energy Cycle
As it turns out, Mother Nature has been making hydrogen using sunlight since the beginning of time by splitting water molecules (H2O) into its basic elements – hydrogen and oxygen. This is exactly what plant leaves do every day using photosynthesis. Since the produced hydrogen is immediately consumed inside the plant, we can't simply grow trees to make hydrogen.
    If technology can be developed to mimic photosynthesis to split water into hydrogen, then a truly sustainable, low cost, and renewable energy cycle can be created to power the Earth for millenniums. However, cost has been the biggest barrier to realizing this vision.

Water Splitting
In the process of splitting a water molecule, input energy is transferred into the chemical bonds of the resulting hydrogen molecule. So in essence, manufactured hydrogen is simply a carrier or battery-like storage of the input energy. If the input energy is from fossil fuels, such as oil and gas, then dirty carbon fossil fuel energy is simply transferred into hydrogen. If the input energy is renewable such as solar and wind, then new and clean energy is stored in hydrogen.
    While the concept of water splitting is very appealing, the following challenges must be addressed for renewable hydrogen to be commercially viable: Energy Inefficiency.
    Since hydrogen is an energy carrier, the most energy it can store is 100% of the input energy. However, conventional systems approach to electrolysis lose so much of the input energy in system components, wires and electrodes that only a fraction the solar electricity actually makes it into the hydrogen molecules. This translates to high production cost and is the fundamental problem with water splitting for hydrogen production. HyperSolar is addressing this problem with its low cost and energy efficient technology. . .    Top
Conventional electrolysis requires highly purified clean water to prevent fouling of system components. This prevents current technology from using the large quantities of free water from oceans, rivers, industrial waste and municipal waste as feedstock. HyperSolar's technology is designed to use any natural water or waste water for the unlimited production of renewable hydrogen.
    Breakthrough Nanotechnology Electrolysis water-splitting in its simplest form is the transfer of "input electrons" in the following chemical reactions.

Cathode (reduction): 2 H2O + 2e- -> H2 + 2 OH-

Anode (oxidation): 4 OH- -> O2 + 2 H2O + 4 e-

From these equations it is easy to see that if every input electron (e-) is put to work and not lost, then a maximum amount of input electrons (i.e. energy) is transferred and stored in the hydrogen molecules (H2). Additionally, if there were a very high number of cathode and anode reaction areas within a given volume of water, then a very high number of these reactions could happen simultaneously throughout the medium to split every single water molecule into hydrogen wherever electrons are available.
    To address this fundamental electron transfer efficiency problem, HyperSolar is developing a novel nanoparticle to maximally ensure that every single electron is put to work in splitting a water molecule. Our nanoparticle has two very important features. . .

1) Photoelectrochemical Nanosystem – HyperSolar's nano-size particle technology is designed to mimic photosynthesis and contains a solar absorber that generates electrons from sunlight, as well as integrated cathode and anode areas to readily split water and transfer those electrons to the molecular bonds of hydrogen. Unlike solar panels or wind turbines that produce a sizeable number of electrons that will be lost before reaching the hydrogen bonds, [these] nanoparticles are optimized at the [submicro size] to ensure maximal electron generation and utilization efficiency. [This] nanoparticle technology uses substantially fewer [expensive] photovoltaic elements than conventional solar panels to achieve the same system level efficiency, [resulting in overall lowering of cost].

2) Protecting the Photovoltaic Elemets during Electrolysis – The biggest problem with submerging photovoltaic elements in water for direct electrolysis is corrosion and short circuiting. To address this problem, [HyperSolar] developed a protective coating that encapsulates key elements of the nanoparticle to allow it to function for a long periods of time in a wide range of water conditions without corrosion. This allows the nanoparticles to be submerged or dissolved into virtually any source of water, such as sea water, runoff water, river water, or waste water, instead of purified distilled water.

By managing the science of electrolysis at the nano-level, we believe that our nanoparticle technology can deliver unmatched cost reductions to enable the commercial production of renewable hydrogen from any sources of water, with sunlight as the only source of energy. . . <>

Editor's note: Sounds very promising! As always, though, I would like to know about their plans for containing the "nanites" or nanoparticles, to make sure there is no contamination of potable water supplies. We must always consider the broader context in which the products of our ingenuity take place!    Top

Mother Earth News, May 2014 – More than a little weird!
Electromagetic Anomalies    top
map of electromagnetic anomalies in the S. Atlantic

Material in the following segments from mnn.com. Excerpts reprinted as "fair use." Edited for brevity, clarity and/or flow. Editor's comments, etc. in square brackets. Image also obtained from mnn.com. The "dark swooshes" are part of the mapping technique used to render the continents equally for presentation purposes. Numerous light dots or "pin points" of such magnetic abnormalities can be seen in this map throughout the world, but the congregation of them over the South Atlantic is mind-boggling!

"Bermuda Triangle" in Space
© 2014 by Bryan Nelson,.mnn.com/users/bnelson78, MNN Holding Company, LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Originally titled, "Is There a 'Bermuda Triangle' in Space?" Edited for brevity, clarity and/or flow. Editor's comments, etc. in square brackets.

Astronauts report a region in space above Brazil where their computers routinely crash and instruments fail.
    computers on the International Space Station routinely crash, telescopes and satellites malfunction, and astronauts report seeing strange lights flash before their eyes. Although the region is technically referred to as The South Atlantic Anomaly, some have taken to calling it "The Bermuda Triangle of Space," reports New Scientist. . . Scientists acknowledge it exists, and have begun to map out its boundaries.
    The anomaly is part of the Van Allen Radiation Belts, a ring of trapped solar radiation between about 1,000 and 6,000 kilometers above the planet's surface. The reason it exists is because the Earth's magnetic field is not uniform; there are weak points. One such weak point exists where the BTS sits. Radiation from space is able to penetrate relatively close to Earth's surface here.
    Recently a team of Italian scientists were able to better calculate the boundaries of the BTS by re-analyzing data recorded by a decade-old satellite, called BeppoSAX, which routinely passed through the region. They found that radiation levels in the lower layer of the BTS were much less than in the upper layers, and that the anomaly was slowly drifting east. Each year it edges about 34 kilometers closer to Africa, which means that by 2114 it should be centered somewhere closer to the coast of Namibia.
    Although these results were mostly congruent with previous research, they did offer a more detailed picture of what's happening in Earth's magnetosphere. By having a firmer understanding of the boundaries of the BTS, space agencies can more effectively manage the sensitive equipment that exists on the International Space Station and on satellites which frequently pass through the region.
    . . . While the band of radiation present in the BTS comes abnormally close to Earth's surface, it doesn't actually stretch all the way to terra firma. Radiation levels below 200 kilometers here are mostly the same as anywhere else on Earth. . . [Related story on Los Roches follows.] <>    top
More on "Zones of Silence" (May 31, 2014)
The “Los Roques Triangle”

© 2014 by Marc Lallanilla, LiveScience

Material obtained from mmn.com. Originally from LiveScience. Originally titled, "Some Call Los Roques New Bermuda Triangle." Edited for brevity, clarity and/or flow. Editor's comments, etc. in square brackets.    top

The disappearance last week of the airplane carrying Italian fashion mogul Vittorio Missoni and five others across the Caribbean Sea has been blamed on everything from mechanical failure to kidnapping by drug smugglers. >> Now, a new theory has emerged: The airplane and its passengers fell victim to the "Los Roques Curse," a phenomenon that some have likened to the Bermuda Triangle, according to the British newspaper The Guardian.
    The plane was traveling the 87 miles (140 kilometers) from the island resort of Los Roques (an archipelago consisting of hundreds of islands) to Caracas, Venezuela, on Friday when it disappeared over the open sea, according to ABC News. Since the 1990s, at least 15 other aircraft have reported emergencies, crashed or disappeared in the same area, according to The Guardian.
    In 2008, 14 people died when a plane making the same journey from Los Roques disappeared. No wreckage was ever found, and only one body was recovered, according to VolarenVenezuela, a website on civil aviation in Venezuela.
    [Explanations for these disappearances range] from massive releases of methane gas from the seafloor, aliens from outer space living beneath the waves, souls from the lost underwater civilization of Atlantis. . . But like the Bermuda Triangle – the stretch of open ocean between Bermuda, South Florida and Puerto Rico infamous for mysterious disappearances of ships and planes, [less credulous people look for other explanations, though the region does] produce unpredictable tropical storms, and the Gulf Stream is particularly fast and turbulent in that area.
    "There's always some explanation for these things, even if it takes many years to uncover the answer," Nick Wall, editor of Pilot, told the Guardian. "Pilots prefer to concentrate on the things [like] fuel gauges, weather reports and engine inspections . . . it is too early to know for sure what caused this latest incident."
    Other mysterious water worlds linked with [disappearances] are the so-called Michigan Triangle in Lake Michigan and the Sargasso Sea. Several ships have been found drifting sans any crew through the calm Sargasso Sea. And, legend has it that in 1840, after sailing through the Sargasso Sea, the French merchant ship "Rosalie" was discovered with its sails set but without any crew members on board. The Michigan Triangle has been blamed for the mysterious disappearances of ship crews and entire aircraft. Another, the Devil's Sea (also called the Pacific Bermuda Triangle) sits in the Pacific around Miyake Island, south of Tokyo. Ancient legends have it dragons lived off the coast of Japan there, also giving the area the "Dragon's Triangle" moniker.    top

NationofChange News (Dec. 16, 2013) – Salute to the Plant Kingdom continues
Chinese Herb Plus Iron Effective Against Cancer Cells
© 2013 by Christina Sarich, nationofchange.org.

Originally from sites, naturalsociety.com, news.sciencemag.org/ chemistry/ 2001/11/wormwood- extract-kills-cancer-cells. Excerpt reprinted as "fair use." Edited for brevity, clarity and/or flow. Originally titled, "Little Known Chinese Herb and Iron Kill 98 Percent of Cancer Cells in 16 Hours." Editor's comments, etc. in square brackets. Images obtained from free image sites.    top


Artemisia plant

According to studies that were published in an issue of Life Sciences, artemesinin – a derivative of the wormwood plant used in Chinese Medicine – can kill 98% of breast cancer cells in less than 16 hours. . .
    The herb used alone caused a 28% reduction in breast cancer cells, but when paired with iron, sweet wormwood was able to eradicate cancer almost entirely. What's more, normal human breast cancer cells were not affected in the experiment by this treatment.
    Artemisinin has been used in the past as a powerful anti- malarial herb, but it now has been proven to be a cancer- fighter, too. When subjects in the published study* were given an iron supplement, which often accumulates in the breast tissue but especially so in cancerous cells, the artemisinin was able to selectively target 'bad' cells and leave 'good' cells alone.
    "Taken together, our results demonstrate that the artemisinin disruption of E2F1 transcription factor expression mediates the cell cycle arrest of human breast cancer cells and represents a critical transcriptional pathway by which artemisinin controls human reproductive cancer cell growth."
    How can you personally affect this change? By working on shifting the frequency at which your energy field vibrates, by living your daily life with awareness and intention. Your vibration directly affects the people with whom you come into contact every day and has an impact on the resonance of the mass consciousness.
    Iron accumulates in cancerous cells due to special receptors that help them in cell division, called transferrin receptors. Normal cells likely have these receptors as well, but cancerous cells have them in greater abundance, and thus can be targeted by the iron-artemisinin combination, like a 1-2 punch.
    There have been many experiments now that prove this sweet wormwood derivative can effectively eradicate disease in the presence of iron. The extract has been used for thousand of years in China to treat malaria. The malaria parasite cannot live in the presence of artemisinin because they are iron-rich, but the treatment works just as well for cancerous cells, too. Bioengineers Henry Lai and Narendra Singh of the Univ. of Washington, Seattle were the scientists who initially made this discovery. This is another example of a natural herb causing [death of cancer cells].
    While the sweet wormwood extract has been somewhat difficult to obtain for a fair price for countless years, it is now on its way to being mass-produced by biotech. Will the result be positive and promising?
    . . . Jack Newman, chief scientific officer of the California-based biotech firm Amyris said: "When we first started talking about this, we gave it 1,000 to 1 odds of ever working." ~ French drugmaker Sanofi is expected to [develop artemisinin . . . for the global market].

Sources ar.iiarjournals.org/ ontent/24/4/2277.abstract
ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22185819
amyris.com/Multimedia-Resources/139/Jack-Newman

Nationofchange.org has its finger on the pulse of progressive change. Visit them for a wide range of valuable information to help you make more conscious choices.    top
More on this healing herb Wormwood. . .

Artemisia annua — Qing Hao

© 2012 CHH, chineseherbs healing.com/ wormwood- herb/
Material obtained from above site. Excerpt reprinted as "fair use." Edited for brevity, clarity and/or flow. Editor's comments, etc. in square brackets.    top

When it comes to which Chinese herb gains the widest acceptance in the West, wormwood herb, also known as Artemisia annua or Qing Hao in Pinyin, must be one of the hottest candidates. This [is due to] the finding of artemisinin – a malaria drug that has saved millions of lives worldwide especially in developing countries. [T]he fame of wormwood consummated in 2011 when Tu Youyou, the pharmacologist who first discovered artemisinin in wormwood, won America's respected Lasker Award for that reason. Therefore, Chinese media reports said that this could be the best proof for growing skepticism about the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine. More than that, what is wormwood used for is more than just the malaria treatment.

What is wormwood?
Medicinally it . . . refers to the dried aerial part of Artemisia annua. As a common type of wormwood in the family Compositae, Artemisia annua is native to temperate Asia and later introduced to every corner of the globe. Other names of this plant include annual wormwood, Herba Artemmisiae, sweet Annie, sweet wormwood, sweet sagewort, and so on. In China it is distributed in most areas of the country. It is harvested in summer and autumn when the flowers are going to bloom. After that, [one] needs to remove the old stems. [I]t is used fresh or dried in the shade. [By the way, Artemisia japonica Thunb., another plant in the same genus, is also used as Qing Hao in some regions of China since it has similar efficacy; however, it can't treat malaria. Therefore proper identification is necessary. . . ]
    Wormwood is an annual . . . [and] the whole plant has a strong odor of volatile oil. [Its] flowers are tubular and yellow, female flowers outside and bisexual flowers in the center. . . Flowering time is from August to October and fruiting time is from October to November. Main habitats are wilderness, hillsides, roadsides, and riverbanks. >> A. annua contains sesquiterpenes, flavonoids, coumarins, essential oil, palmitic acid, stigmasterol, b- sitosterol, aurantiamide acetate, annuadiepoxide, b- glucosidase III, etc. . . .
    Artemisia (wormwood) benefits In Vol.3, Section 16 of Zhou Hou Bei Ji Fang ("Emergency Prescriptions kept in one's Sleeve"), Ge Hong, famous Taoist leader during the Eastern Jin Dynasty. . . briefly mentioned how to use wormwood to treat all cold or heat- induced malaria: "Gather a handful of fresh wormwood plants, soak them with 2 liters of water, extract the juice by twisting, and drink it all." This is the earliest record about using Artemisia herb to cure malaria, not only in the medical history of Chinese but also the world. >> This brief comment turns out to be a great inspiration to the modern pharmacological studies.
    In 1971 researchers of Chinese Medicine Research Inst. [found a] valuable clue when they read this text. Based on it, they finally got on the right track and discovered the antimalarial drug artemisinin.
    As the main active ingredient of A. annua, artemisinin is poorly soluble in water and will decompose and lose efficacy above 60 deg. Celsius. In 1972 the effective monomer of artemisinin was successfully extracted with an organic solvent at low temperature. Artemisinin monomer is a highly effective, fast-acting antimalarial that is with low toxicity. . . [which differs from drugs in the chloroquinine family]. . . . The discovery of antimalarial artemisinin, conducted by Tu Youyou and her colleagues [from] the late 1990s. . . has saved countless lives, among which most were children living in the poorest regions of the world.

Other pharmacological actions of Wormwood/ artemisinin . . .
[ ] prevents animal schistosomes [parasites]

[ ] can promote the health of immune system in body's cells

[ ] can slow down the heart rate, inhibit myocardial contractility, reduce coronary blood flow and lower blood pressure

[ ] can kill a variety of bacteria and viruses

[ ] has antipyretic [anti-fever] and analgesic effect (also has a synergistic effect with honeysuckle and the antipyretic effect is rapid and lasting.

[ ] Artemether [a subcompound] offers radiation protection

[ ] has significant effect on experimental silicosis. . .

[ ] in vitro artesunate [shows] significant cytotoxic effect on human hepatoma [liver] cells. And oral administration of artesunate showed that in vivo it had anti-cancer effects in mice's liver cancer cells. . .

[ ] Caution: [should not be administered during pregnancy, as it may affect fetal growth. . . ]

Wormwood in herbal remedies
The Encyclopedia of Chinese Materia Medica says that wormwood is bitter and slightly acrid in flavor and cold in nature. It goes to [the] liver and gallbladder meridian. Primary functions: clearing heat, relieving summer-heat, eliminating hectic fever, and preventing malaria. . . damp-warm syndrome, fever due to yin deficiency, malaria, and jaundice. Recommended wormwood dosage is from 6 to 15 grams in decoction. When used in curing malaria, 20 to 40 grams of dried wormwood or doubling the amount of fresh wormwood is needed. Be careful not to cook them too long or the active ingredients would get spoiled. What's more, it can be used in the forms of wormwood supplement, tea, extract, capsules, tincture, absinthe (liquor), powder, pills, and more.

Side effects of wormwood herb
Low toxicity is one of the important characteristics of Artemisia annua. In malaria treatment with Chinese wormwood extract, only a few of cases, about 3.4%, showed nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea; artemisinin aqueous suspension may have mild pain intramuscularly; but it should pay attention that artemisinin injection can cause allergic reactions. TCM- wise, wormwood herb shouldn't be used in the cases of deficiency of spleen and stomach and diarrhea [as] this herb is of a cold nature.. . . <>    top


Tribute to . . .
John Peter (”Jack“) Waluska
Submitted by Stephen Gerrie    top

Excerpt reprinted with author's permission. Edited for brevity. Editor's comments, etc. in square brackets.

Born Nov, 29, 1944, at 12:06 p.m. CWT in St. Louis, MO. Died May 14, 2014, in St. Louis.

As an undergraduate at Saint Louis Univ., Jack worked for the St. Louis Police Department, compiling Uniform Crime Statistics.

    While in the graduate program in Sociology at Brooklyn College of the City University of New York, he worked for the New York City Department of Welfare as a caseworker.
    For many years he also did freelance work for such New York publishing establishments as Random House, Doubleday, The Unabashed Librarian, and Lockwood Indexers.
    Jack was a tireless activist all his life against injustice [and] bigotry. . .



With his partner, Stephen Gerrie, he was one of the founders of the Christopher Street Liberation Day Committee (CSLDC), the organizers of the very first Gay Liberation parade on June 28, 1970, in New York City, an event designed to be a peaceful one-year anniversary commemoration of the Stonewall Riots of June 1969 which sparked the modern gay liberation movement. He continued on the Committee, organizing fund-raising dances and community events, until 1972.
    In 1983, he and Stephen moved to San Francisco. While there, he was one of the founders of Mobilization Against AIDS, an organization dedicated to promoting treatments for AIDS, support of PWAs (People With AIDS), and dialogue with political leaders for effective and humane public policies. He networked with such people as Randy Shilts, Dennis Peron, and Cleve Jones, and had some involvement in the creation of the AIDS Quilt.
    Jack and Stephen moved back to St. Louis in 1988. He became involved with St. Louis Effort For AIDS (EFA), and was one of the founders of EFA's Sharing Center, a drop-in social and support center for PWAs.    top
Jack Waluska

    He also, in 1990, joined the Late Knights of Pythias, a group well known in the St. Louis gay community for its fabulous Halloween parties, Valentine's Day dances, Mardi Gras parade floats, and providing the dance pavilion for PrideFest in Forest Park each summer. He was also on the Board of Directors of the St. Louis International Lesbian & Gay Film Festival (SLILAG) from 1992 to 1995.

Jack and Astrology
    Jack studied astrology with Elizabeth Racine, who had been a student of Zoltan Mason, and began his professional astrology career in 1975, which he continued for the rest of his life, with an emphasis on social issues and a strong foundation in professionalism and ethical conduct. He taught traditional techniques of chart preparation, believing that this art is [now] becoming lost . . .
    He had a long-standing interest in the Lizzie Borden murder case, [conducting] extensive research, including astrological, and was in the process of compiling his findings, according to which he believed that Lizzie Borden was innocent. He had extensive experience in horary astrology and in career counseling. He was an active, life member of the Astrological Association of St. Louis (AAStL), serving on its Board of Directors for many years, becoming its vice-president in 2009 and its president in 2010. He edited, wrote for, and published the AAStL Bulletin from 2006 to 2013. He was the author of the series, Famous Astrologers, which can be read online at aastl.net/ Members Articles.aspx.
    He is survived by his partner of 45 years, Stephen Gerrie, and by many good friends and coworkers.
    Donations may be made in Jack's name to Promo.f acebook. com/ PROMO missouri, to SAGE (Senior Action in a Gay Environment) (sageusa.org/ nyc/thesagecenter. cfm), or to the Shanti Project (shanti.org/).

A memorial celebration will be held on Sunday, July 20, 2014, at 4 pm. at the Ethical Society, 9001 Clayton Road, St. Louis.    top

   
 
   

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